Where is Hajj?

Hajj takes place in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. More specifically in the Makkah region.

It is performed at,

  • The Masjid Al-Haram in Makkah (Mecca)

and its immediate surrounds –

  • Mina,
  • Muzdalifah and
  • Arafat

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Note

  1. Map not to scale
  2. Indicated boundaries are only approximate

Ref

  1. “Makkah Al Mukarramah and Mashaer Area” map – Second Edition. General Commission for Survey – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2012.

Hajj Workshop 2017

Hajj is nearly upon us for another year. The Hajj Workshop 2017 page can be found here

It is your one stop shop for Hajj & Umrah learning & preparation – jam packed with guides, articles, how to’s, supplications and much much more.

Alhamdulillah this year I am also very very excited to share an exciting new project with you. For many years I have had the privilege & honour of teaching Hajj workshops at my local masjid – which I love mashAllah. But I have also yearned to create a self contained eLearning course that could be shared with everyone and be available anytime, anywhere. MashAllah with the grace of Almighty Allah it is nearly complete – so inshAllah over the next few weeks will be releasing draft version of the presentations for everyone. So stay tuned … remember to subscribe to this blog (look for the Follow section at the top of the homepage in the right side menu column) to receive automatic email notifications when the course modules are released.

Enjoy … Happy Learning

Dates for Hajj 2017

When is Hajj 2017? – Dates for Hajj 2017

The dates of Hajj for 2017 (1438) are as follows,

Note: The dates above have been not yet been confirmed by the authorities in Saudi Arabia. These dates are based on calculations – please check closer to time for confirmed dates.

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So you may be wondering how the dates above were arrived at. Good question. First we can calculate the moon phases in August, which is when the month of Dhul Hijjah will start this year inshAllah,As we can see the new moon is expected on the Monday, 21-Aug-2017 at 21:30 (in Makkah). But will it be visible on this day? This is where we have to calculate the moon crescent visibility curves to verify. Moon crescent visibility curves for three days are as follows,

As can be seen from these curves,

  • The moon will not be visible on Mon, 21-Aug-2017
  • The moon will be visible by the naked eye on Tue, 22-Aug-2017. This means that the first day of Dhul Hijjah will be Wednesday, 23-Aug-2017
  • So the first day of Hajj (the 8th of Dhul Hijjah) will be on Wednesday, 30-Aug-2017 inshAllah

Ref

  1. “Moonsighting.com”, http://www.moonsighting.com/
  2. “Accurate Times”, International Astronomical Center (IAC)

How To Perform Hajj

Overview & Guide to Hajj Tamattu (in one page)

Following are the “best” actions for completing Hajj Tamattu (from start to finish),

The best way to view this Overview is in the pdf file which can be downloaded from the button below. So go ahead download & enjoy. Happy studying.

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Related

Not sure what Tamattu is? These posts can help,

  1. Types of Hajj
  2. Hajj – Types
  3. Hajj – Types (Part 2)

Ref

  1. This post is an updated version of my earlier post – Hajj – How to Perform – Overview (Tamattu)
  2. “Getting the Best out of Al-Hajj (Pilgrimage)”, By Abu Muneer Ismail Davids, Published by Darussalam, Second Edition – August, 2006, Chapter 10, Pg. 279. [10004]

Types of Hajj

There are three types (or methods) of performing Hajj,

  1. Tamattu
    1. Umrah then Hajj
    2. The pilgrim would first perform Umrah
      1. Entering into Ihraam at the Meeqat with the Niyah for Umrah
      2. After performing Umrah the pilgrim must come out of the state of Ihraam
    3. The pilgrim would then perform Hajj
      1. Entering back into Ihraam with Niyah for Hajj on the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah
    4. There are two separate Niyah’s (one for Umrah and then one for Hajj)
    5. Animal sacrifice is compulsory
    6. Pilgrim is called Mutammati
  2. Qiran
    1. Umrah and Hajj together (in one Niyah)
    2. The pilgrim would first perform Umrah
      1. Entering into Ihraam at the Meeqat with the Niyah for Umrah and Hajj
      2. After performing Umrah the pilgrim must NOT come out of the state of Ihraam
    3. The pilgrim would then perform Hajj
    4. Animal sacrifice is compulsory
      1. The pilgrim must have with them the animal for sacrifice
    5. Pilgrim is called Qaarin
  3. Ifrad
    1. This is Hajj only without Umrah
    2. You would perform this type if you live in Mecca (Makkah)
    3. Animal sacrifice is optional
    4. Pilgrim is called Mufrid

Note

  1. Ihraam = A state in which one is prohibited to practice certain deeds that are lawful at other times. i.e. A state of ritual consecration
  2. Meqaat = Boundary of the area around Mecca (Makkah) which a pilgrim should not pass without being in Ihraam
  3. Niyah = Intention

Ref

  1. This post is an updated version of my earlier post – Hajj – Types
  2. “My Hajj – Part 1 – Introduction”, By The Wahy Project, 2017
  3. “Getting the Best out of Al-Hajj (Pilgrimage)”, By Abu Muneer Ismail Davids, Published by Darussalam, Second Edition – August, 2006, Pg. 35 [10004]

What is Umrah?

Umrah is a Pilgrimage to Makkah.

Essentially in a nutshell Umrah is,

  1. Paying a visit to the Kabah
  2. Performing Tawaaf around it
  3. Walking between the hills of Safaa and Marwah seven times,
  4. And then shaving one’s head or cutting one’s hair short

Furthermore,

  • Linguistically – Umrah means ‘Visit‘ (it is derived from the Arabic word Al-I’timar of the same meaning)
  • Legally – Visit to Makkah in performance of specific rites

Wait, you might be thinking isn’t that the same as Hajj? Yes & No – there are some key differences,

  • Umrah can be performed anytime in the year
  • Umrah’s physical performance is confined to the vicinity of the Masjid Al-Haram (in Makkah)
  • Whereas Hajj can only be undertaken during a specific Islamic month and is performed over several days, in several geographical locations.

Umrah is sometimes referred to as the Minor Hajj

Related

Ref

  1. “My Hajj – Part 1 – Introduction”, By The Wahy Project, 2017
  2. “Getting the Best out of Al-Hajj (Pilgrimage)”, By Abu Muneer Ismail Davids, Published by Darussalam, Second Edition – August, 2006. [10004]
  3. “Getting the Best out of Al-Hajj Seminar Notes”, By Abu Muneer Ismail Davids, Published by AMID Inspirations, November, 2015.

What is Hajj?

Hajj is a Pilgrimage to Makkah.

It is a journey required at least once in a lifetime for every able Muslim male and female contingent on a number of pre-requisites including physical and financial means & ability.

Hajj is a great spiritual journey. But what does it mean practically?

Essentially in a nutshell Hajj is,

  1. Being at certain places (in a specific order)
  2. At certain times (on specific dates)
  3. And performing certain specific acts of worship, rituals and rites

Furthermore,

  • Linguistically – Hajj means ‘Intent
  • Legally – Hajj means Intending Makkah & Mashaair for specific rites during a specific time period in worship to Allah

Ref

  1. “My Hajj – Part 1 – Introduction”, By The Wahy Project, 2017
  2. “Getting the Best out of Al-Hajj (Pilgrimage)”, By Abu Muneer Ismail Davids, Published by Darussalam, Second Edition – August, 2006. [10004]
  3. “Getting the Best out of Al-Hajj Seminar Notes”, By Abu Muneer Ismail Davids, Published by AMID Inspirations, November, 2015.

Day of Arafat (Supplication)

Hajj – Day of Arafat


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Note

  1. This ‘supplication’ post/sheet only covers what should be said and does not address the actions to be taken (if applicable).

Ref

  1. “Getting the Best out of Al-Hajj (Pilgrimage)”, By Abu Muneer Ismail Davids, Published by Darussalam, Second Edition – August, 2006, Chapter 6, pg 316 [10004]
  2. “English Translation of Jāmi‘ At-Tirmidhī”. Compiled by Mohammad Ibn ‘Eisā At-Tirmidhi et al. Darussalam. Nov, 2007. Volume 6, Hadith #3585 (Sahih), pg 287 [10009]
  3. “Fortress of the Muslim, Invocations from the Qur’an and Sunnah”. Compiled by Said bin Wahf Al-Qahtani. Darussalam. 5th Edition Apr, 2006. pg 171 [10003]

Sa’ee – Standing at Safaa or Marwah (Supplication)

Sa’ee – Standing at Safaa or Marwah

Note: I wasn’t able to find the above wording in the Hadith references I have access to; but am assuming reference [1] (from which I have taken the above) has access to more resources and references than I have. The wording I was able to find in the Hadith references I have access to (Sahih Muslim) is as follows,

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Note

  1. This ‘supplication’ post/sheet only covers what should be said and does not address the actions to be taken (if applicable).
  2. Though this post does not strictly present a Supplication it is still tagged as one to enable easy organisation and access.
  3. Please check with a scholar on the wordings above.

Ref

  1. “Getting the Best out of Al-Hajj (Pilgrimage)”, By Abu Muneer Ismail Davids, Published by Darussalam, Second Edition – August, 2006, Chapter 6, pg 261 [10004]
  2. “English Translation of the Sahih Muslim”. Compiled by Imam Abul Hussain Muslim bin al-Hajjaj. Darussalam. June, 2007. Volume 3, Hadith #2950 (Sahih), pg 346 [10007]
  3. “Fortress of the Muslim, Invocations from the Qur’an and Sunnah”. Compiled by Said bin Wahf Al-Qahtani. Darussalam. 5th Edition Apr, 2006. pg 170 [10003]

Sa’ee – Before Starting (Supplication)

Sa’ee – Before Starting

Proceed to Safaa. Say (when close to Safaa):

Followed by saying:


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Note

  1. The above are only to be said ONCE, that is at the beginning of the Sa’ee and not at the beginning of every lap. [1]
  2. * This ‘supplication’ post/sheet only covers what should be said and does not address the actions to be taken (if applicable).
  3. Though this post does not strictly present a Supplication it is still tagged as one to enable easy organisation and access

Ref

  1. “Getting the Best out of Al-Hajj (Pilgrimage)”, By Abu Muneer Ismail Davids, Published by Darussalam, Second Edition – August, 2006, Chapter 6, pg 260 [10004]
  2. “English Translation of Sunan Abu Dawud”. Compiled by Imam Hafiz Abu Dawud Sulaiman bin Ash’ath. Darussalam. July, 2008. Vol 2, Hadith #1905 (Sahih), pg 426 [10008]